Gold is considered a metal of Sun - bright and warming, it is believed to bring happiness and comfort to the wearer.
Symbol for gold element is AU. It is derived from latin name for gold - ‘Aurum’, meaning shining sunrise or glow of dawn. Indeed, shine of gold is akin to a setting sun.
In fact, it is the only metal that is yellow in color naturally.
Pure gold - 24 karat - is a very soft metal. In fact, too soft - so in order to make jewelry it is mixed with other metals that add it strength and durability.
Most popular alloy of gold is 14K gold, where gold is reinforced with metals such as silver and copper.
That allow us to make delicate and interesting gold pieces, as well as have such beautiful alloys as rose gold and white gold.